Innovation: a roadmap for advanced lead batteries

Expanding Energy Storage Market in India and the Increasing Role of Lead Batteries

L Pugazhenthy (India Lead Zinc Development Association, India)

During the last five years or so, India has seen a massive growth in the renewable energy sector. India is now the fourth largest Renewable Energy Investment Market & the second largest solar market; in the first six months of 2018, India added 4.8GW of solar power capacity. As per the Renewables Energy Mission, by 2022, India aims to have 175GW from renewables (100GW from solar, 60GW from wind, 10GW from bio mass and 5GW from small hydro power plants). India houses the head quarters of the newly set up International Solar Alliance (ISA), a global effort to reduce the cost of finance and the cost of technology in solar energy sector. Ultimately India desires to achieve 40% from renewables in the Energy Mix by 2030. Recently India’s first grid-scale energy storage system (10MW) was set up at Delhi and many more are in the offing in the coming years.

After the Paris Round on Climate Change in 2015, electric mobility is gathering momentum, to contain urban transport pollution and also to provide last mile connectivity. About 11000 new e-rickshaws hit the roads every month. Through FAME-II (Faster Adoption & Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles) with an outlay of Rs.10000 crores, over a period of three years 2019-22, India wants to achieve 30% EVs by 2030 (about 1 million e2W, 0.5 million e3W, 55000 4W and 7000 electric buses).

India’s National Energy Storage Mission aims for leadership in energy storage sector with an enabling policy and regulatory framework that will encourage manufacturing, deployment, innovation and cost reduction. India has over 300 GWh of storage opportunity, as per estimates.

Though imported Lithium-ion batteries will penetrate slowly, with the proven usage of lead batteries over several decades, price sensitive customers in India are bound to opt for lead batteries in several applications and many may prefer to use advanced lead batteries with marginal price increase.


L.Pugazhenthy, well known as “Mr.Pug” a recipient of the International Lead Medal at Macau in 2019, a Past National President of The Indian Institute of Metals (IIM) is also the Executive Director at India Lead Zinc Development Association (ILZDA), a 55 year old non–profit body that disseminates technical information on Lead & Zinc and their markets in India. He is a Metallurgical Engr followed by Post Graduation in Business Mgmt as well as Marketing & Sales Mgmt with more than 40 years experience in the metals industry. He was also an expert member of various committees in the Indian Govt’s Ministry of Environment & Forests, Ministry of Mines, Central Pollution Control Board etc., as well as India’s various Five-Year Plan Sub groups on non–ferrous metals.

Mr.Pug received the Hindustan Zinc Ltd Gold Medal in 2002 and Platinum Medal in 2014, both by The Indian Institute of Metals for his contributions to the Indian metallurgical industry as well as the Distinguished Alumni Award from his alma mater National Institute of Technology.

L Pugazhenthy

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